Hunger and poverty in the world
World Food Day is observed every year from 16 October 1981. Its aim is to liberate the world from poverty, malnutrition and starvation, as well as to spread awareness about food security and the condition of the people.
World Food Day is observed every year from 16 October 1981. Its aim is to liberate the world from poverty, malnutrition and starvation, as well as to spread awareness about food security and the condition of the people. This day is celebrated to commemorate the founding of the World Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. If you study the reports of various government and non-governmental organizations objectively, the figures of poverty and hunger will be found to be contradictory. Despite the juggling of statistics, one thing is very clear that there is no visible decrease in the number of hungry people sleeping in the world. The Government of India is claiming that its various efforts have provided food security to the people, which has reduced poverty in the country. However, the Global Hunger Index is telling a different story. Sociologists have to put a lot of effort in understanding the real picture of poverty and hunger in the juggernaut of data.
According to a report by the United Nations in July 2019, progress in various fields including health, schooling in India has helped lift people out of poverty. A record 27.10 people have come out of poverty between 2006 and 2016. According to the report, about 64 crore people (55.1 percent) of India were in poverty in the year 2005-06. This number came down to 36.9 crore (27.9 percent) in 2015-16.
Thus, India has made significant progress in bringing backward people out of poverty into multifaceted i.e. different levels and 10 standards. During this period, the biggest decline in poverty index value has come with strong improvement in areas like cooking fuel, sanitation and nutrition. On the other hand, various years' reports of the Global Hunger Index show a steady decline in India's ranking. In 2014, India was ranked 55. At the same time, it was ranked 80th in 2015, 97th in 2016, 100th in 2017 and 103rd in 2018. This is a situation of overcrowding when India's malnourished population has declined significantly. In 2000, 18.2 percent of India's total population was malnourished while in 2018, 14.8 percent of the total population is suffering from malnutrition.
According to United Nations data, 40 percent of food is wasted in India and this is a major reason for the country's hunger. According to the report, there is sufficient production of food in India, but this food does not reach every needy. That’s not a permanent solution to the problem. How to overcome poverty is the primary thing. Malnutrition and starvation are associated with poverty. All out efforts will have to be made to eradicate poverty. This will have to be resolved at the global level only then we will be able to achieve our goal.
To become self-reliant in food production, an advanced agricultural system has to be adopted. By increasing the agricultural production of the country, we can control many current problems.
According to the World Bank, there are about 76 crore poor in the world. Of these, about 22.4 million people in India are living below the poverty line. About 60 percent of poor people live in 7 states of India, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan and UP. 80 percent of the poor live in villages in India. According to an information given by the Government of India in the Lok Sabha, the population of our country is more than 125 crore.
About 27 crore people live below the poverty line (BPL). Of these, 45 percent of Scheduled Tribes and 31.5 percent of Scheduled Castes fall under the poverty line.
The claims of elimination of poverty at various levels are not accepted by independent analysts. But it can definitely be said that efforts to eradicate poverty have risen in the last decade. If honest efforts are made at the government level and there is no misuse of Jan Dhan, then India can soon be free from the curse of poverty.