Along with the ban on unprecedented burning of conventional fire crackers around Diwali, there has come the news of the production of India’s first “Green Crackers”.
SC, in its statement, said that, “only crackers with reduced emission and “green crackers” can be manufactured and sold”. The statement clearly explains that green crackers are less-polluting alternative for the conventional crackers, made with the motive of keep the tradition of burning crackers on Diwali ongoing, without damaging the environment.
This video will help you understand this better:
As is clear from the video itself, green crackers are less polluting and less expensive, and do not contain harmful chemicals that are usually present in a conventional cracker. These crackers are also “less harmful” and “less dangerous”.
The declaration of the production of “green crackers” in India was made by Science and Technology minister, Harsh Vardhan.
Despite all this superficially satisfactory acclamations, “green crackers” seem like no more than an oxymoron as it just reduces the amount of pollution and particulate matter (pm) and do not eliminate it entirely.
In the making of a traditional firecracker, various chemicals are involved which contribute in spreading the air pollution in one way or the other. These chemicals are usually fuels, an oxidizing agent, a reducing agent, regulating agents, binders, and coloring agents. Green crackers replace these polluting agents with other chemicals which are less polluting.
For example, harmful chemicals like barium and potassium nitrate were replaced with zeolites and aluminium oxide in flower pots and jil jils is replaced by magnesium oxide.
The Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Tamil Nadu and the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) in Nagpur have developed three prototypes of these crackers: SWAS (safe water releaser), SAFAL (safe minimum aluminum) and STAR (safe thermite cracker).
According to the reports, these crackers will be available from the next year.