You may be thinking that it’s not justified to release a criminal calling him “Juvenile”. Of course, Nirbhaya’s parents as well as the whole country, wants the released juvenile too to be hanged along with the other convicts. He was mature enough to inflict the pain on someone so why should he be deemed as immature when it comes to serving a sentence for the pain he has inflicted.
All these arguments sound good, but let’s not forget that we here are talking about democracy. And not just democracy, but the country who is the biggest democracy in the world.
So the basic principle of democracy talks about the “Universal Adult Franchise”, according to which only those are 18 years or above this age have the right to vote and choose the people who will rule them. Here, we don’t have rulers, but representatives. Here, we are the one who are making decisions, even if only indirectly. And similarly, it is us, who have chosen to be punished whenever we commit a crime by the ruling government.
Now since a boy or a girl who is below the age of 18 is not eligible to vote, he/she will not be a part of decision making or law making. And this very fact exempts him/her from the punishment he should get for his crime.
Like it or not, this is how the justice works in a democracy. And I think it offers a more justified way of punishment than other forms of government.