Fertilizers are the natural as well as synthetic materials used to grow plants and soil. It supply plants nutrients. It is widely used in plantation now-a-days. Fertilizers basically contain Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). In ancient times, the only source of fertilizers is nature. In earlier times, the fertilizers used are compost, animal manure, human manure, harvested minerals and many more. Apart from better production, it also damages surroundings and caused habitat destruction, pressure on biodiversity and agricultural soil loss.
Fertilizers are organic ,chemical or inorganic compounds added to soil as manure for proper growth of plants.It protects plants from pests and diseases too. This reduce their dependence on harmful insecticides and pesticides, producing healthier crops. The fertilizers contain the essential nutrients required by the plants for good growth like the three most important ones, nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus.The potassium content in the fertilizers strengthens the stems and stalks of the plants,The phosphorus helps roots to grow deeper and stronger.nitrogen in the fertilizers increases in the overall growth of the plants which can be identified by the green and healthy growth of the plants.