Public Affairs Index is released by the think tank public affairs center annually, on the basis of economic and social development in all the states of India. It determines the ranking of states according to their governance. The think tank was founded in 1994 by renowned Indian economist and scholar late Samuel Paul. It deploys the Indian states to work towards betterment of social and economic conditions.
In 2018, Kerala has topped the index just like last two years. This means that it has been deemed as the best-governed Indian state third time in a row. Other states that follow Kerala in the index are, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Karnataka and Gujarat. Among the smaller states, Himachal Pradesh tops the list, followed by Goa, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura.
According to the PAI, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar are the worst-governed big states in India. The index clearly shows how much these states need to work upon their governances. The major reason for these states ranking the lowest in Public Affairs Index (PAI) is the social and economic inequalities here.