To begin with some of the facts, India is the sixth largest growing country and it is expected to come up at 5th position very soon as the largest growing market. Nearly every Sixth person in the world is an Indian. We are the second largest populated country in the world and we are expected to beat China by 2030 as the most populated country in the world.
So what is it that makes the population inflating at such a high rate. And what is that china doing to control its population. As it is said that, human beings are the country's greatest assets, but would that be true in the near times to come? So let's see what made India so populated.
1. From the time of independence, India had a huge population working in agriculture sector. It also accounts for the highest contributor to gdp. But since then, the population had been increasing into the sector, because during those times we did not have technological advanced equipments. So it was highly labor intensive and thus more people needed to work.
2. High poverty levels in the country has caused this. The psychology of the poor is "More Members, More Income". So if you see, In a poor family there would be 4-5 kids.
3. Less sexual awareness: People were not very aware about the protections which could be used during the sexual intercourse. Even today, there is no awareness about the protection measures in rural areas.
4. No Govt policy: There has been no policy from the government to control the growing population. Like China adopted the policy of One child to control it's growing population.
What is the reason of increasing population in India?
Some economists believe that in the developing phase of a country, it is obvious that the population would rise. After the development has been achieved the population growth would come down. So all these contribute highly in making the country so populated.
India comes under the world's largest populous countries after China.India is a haven to people from all kinds of religions,cultures,castes and we together make a diverse culture.It is in our traditions and rites to celebrate our diversity.
There are a lot of reasons that contribute to as to why and how India became so populated.Some of them are listed below:
Firstly,sex education is a topic not discussed very openly or is done very under covers.This had made people unaware of the use of contraceptives,their proper use and their absolute need.This is one of the reasons why India has an ever growing population.
Poverty is another reason.People who are below the poverty line think it is better to have more kids as they think it'll create bring in more income in the family.
Also,our century old tradition of marriage has been another contributor to this.After turning of a certain age,people have to marry and their bear children.
Also another superstition people have is how they keep on trying unless they have a male child as female child is not considered so auspicious.
Like China,India also need to take certain measures to stop the population from growing so much
to begin with India as of now, accounts for about 17% of the world’s population
being the seventh largest country in the world and one of the most ancient
civilizations. A couple of factors can be thought to have contributed to dense
and Agriculture- Any society needs good access to food, water and a
sustainable climate in order to flourish. India fortunately, has access to some
of the widest and greatest river network in the world which provides it the
ideal soil for cultivation and agriculture. The climate ranges from temperate
to tropical which is again very ideal to live in. The Indus valley which is one
of the most ancient human civilizations came from the Indian subcontinent.
Defenses- India has the Himalayas in the north, Thar desert in the west,
forests in the east and the Indian ocean in the south that historically provide
it the natural barrier and defense against infiltration.
Middle East and Europe- Historically,
this provided good opportunity for trade and economy to grow.
and Urbanization- This brought about faster economic growth, improvement in
health and medicine decreased the death rate.
culture has traditionally been in support of large families which has further
accounted for the increase in its population.
2012, the Indian government stated that 22% of its population is below poverty
line. Poor families generally have a concept of having more children so they
can provide more labor in the future and in turn get more income for the
For further research you can view this video which has provided a good in depth knowledge for the same. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ydUpUQOknV8