Is bf3 polar or nonpolar? - letsdiskuss
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Trishna Dhanda

Blogger | Posted | Science-Technology


Is bf3 polar or nonpolar?


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BF3 is a a covalent compound as it is formed by sharing of electrons. It's name is Boron Trifluoride. It is sp2 hybridized. As far as it's polarity is concerned, BF3 is a non-polar molecule. The electronegative fluorine atoms are in the triangular planar structure. So, it's net dipole moment results to be zero. It has some dipole moment but due to triangular structure, all the existing dipole moments will cancel out each other. That's why, BF3 is a non- polar molecule. 

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Student | Posted


Polar: a molecule or ion that has at least one unpaired electron in its outermost orbital, therefore easily dissociating to form two covalent bonds. 
Nonpolar: a molecule or ion that does not have an unpaired electron in its outermost orbital so it cannot form covalent bonds.

The compound carbon tetrachloride, for example, is polar, because it has a single unpaired electron. Chlorine atoms have no unpaired electrons and they are nonpolar. The compound polyethylene is also nonpolar as multiple electrons are shared between the three oxygen atoms. The compound methane is polar as the single carbon atom does not share its electron with any other atoms. In this article, we will discuss how the term polar or nonpolar is applied to molecules and ions in aqueous solutions.
Letsdiskuss
The two key requirements for a molecule or an ion to be classified as either polar or nonpolar are the electronic configuration and its shape. The electron configuration is important because it will determine whether there are any unpaired electrons present in the molecule or ion. This means that if a molecule has an unpaired electron, it is considered to be polar by definition as electronic configuration determines how molecules react with each other (i.e., they can form bonds).

What is BF-3? 

BF-3 – produced in the laboratory by fluorinating Ge(CH3)5 with gaseous HF it’s a boron trifluoride. It’s a volatile and poisonous gas that partially dissolves in water to form sodium hydrogen fluoride, also known as hydrofluoric acid.

BF-3 is used in the production of titanium tetrachloride, titanium chlorides, and organic fluorides. It is also used to extract rare-earth metals and uranium from their ores.

BF-3 hydrolyzes in water, forming the acid and boric acid. It reacts with many metals, and fluorosilicate salts are produced on contact with alkali-metal fluorides. In organic solvents, BF-3 will react with alkenes, alkynes, ketones, amines and phosphines to form organofluorine compounds.

One of the more unusual reactions is its ability to act as a nuclear thermal rocket propellant.


Is bf3 polar or nonpolar? 
Polar or nonpolar? A quick Google search for "Boron trifluoride" reveals that the answer is both.

In-depth research has shown that boron trifluoride can be classified as being either a polar or a non-polar molecule, depending on certain conditions. It seems to depend heavily on the temperature of the molecule and other molecular factors - something that scientists are still trying to fully understand.




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