How many species of sea turtle are there? - letsdiskuss
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Vanisha Anand

CONTENT WRITER | Posted on | others


How many species of sea turtle are there?


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Let us first know about sea turtles in brief. They are charismatic animals that have been living on the planet for millions of years. https://turtlecaring.com/do-red-eared-slider-turtles-shed/ are known as a fundamental link in marine ecosystems. How are they fundamental links? Because they help to maintain the health of the seagrass beds and coral reefs that commercially valuable species like shrimp, tuna, and lobster. Sea turtles are the living example of a group of reptiles that have existed on this planet and traveled overseas for more than 100 million years. They have journeyed both in land and sea and swam through miles of oceans during their whole lifetime. And the most amazing part is that they return to the same beaches where they were born just to lay their eggs. Scientists recognize seven living species of sea turtles, they are grouped into six genera where they have both a scientific name and a common name.

 

 

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  1. The Loggerhead ( Caretta caretta):-  Among most other sea turtles that nest in the USA, this is the most often observed. Most of the loggerhead nesting is in two main areas of the world which are at Masirah Island, Oman, in the middle east and on the coast of the southeastern United States.
  2. The Green turtle ( Chelonia mydas ):- The Green turtles are an endangered species around the world, but they still nest in increasing numbers and can be found on the east coast of Florida.
  3. The Flatback ( Natator depressa ):- The medium size turtles that live mainly in the coastal coral reef and grassy shallows. 

Their shells are very smooth, waxy, and are easily damaged.

 

  1. The Olive Ridley ( Lepidochelys olivacea ):- in  the western North Atlantic nesting population has declined more than 80% since 1967.
  2. The Kemp's Ridley ( Lepidochelys kempii ):-  it is the most endangered of all sea turtles.
  3. The Hawksbill ( Eretmochelys imbricata ):- they mostly nest on beaches throughout the Caribbean, they are no longer found anywhere in large numbers.






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Sea turtles are now found in seven different species. Green,  leatherback, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, olive ridley loggerhead, and flatback are the species. Each of these species of sea turtles can go inland to lay their eggs in nests excavated in sandbars or on beaches.
Sea turtles are unfortunately threatened by a variety of factors around the world, causing them to become endangered or perhaps extinct. The degradation of their natural environment by people is a major factor. This is caused by pollution and coastal development along nesting beaches, that can make eggs more fragile and difficult to hatch.

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