Differentiation is the process of determining how well a learner has learned something. It is usually seen as a part of the teaching process, and it can happen in multiple ways. For example, students might be given different types of questions to answer based on their scores in a test. Differentiation could also include having students work with others on different task sets or giving them opportunities to review material before moving onto new topics.
Differentiation differs from learning capabilities because it focuses more specifically on achievement rather than where learners are along an achievement continuum such as chronological age or ability level, whereas learning capabilities allows for broad generalizations about any type of learner regardless of where they fall within that spectrum.