Gender equality around the world has come a long way since the early 1900s. Many countries allow women to vote, run for election, and even own property. But when it comes to other social issues like politics and science, some countries are doing much better than others. The latest country to take action is Saudi Arabia, which has just announced that Noura al-Matroushi is its first female astronaut! Such advancements in gender equality are not without challenges- Saudi Arabia must now contend with how they will support their new female astronauts on long missions into space.