In the late 1800's, Palestinian land was ruled by the Ottoman Empire and then the British Mandate. Palestine is now made up of five major regions: Gaza, Judea and Samaria (the West Bank), Jerusalem, Israel, and Jordan.
Palestinians control Gaza today. Hamas has been in power since 2007 when it won an election following a three-year long conflict between Fatah and Hamas that left more than 100 Palestinians dead.
The palestinian territories are the land occupied by Israel in since 1967 by two major communities named as West Bank and gaza strip. The International Court of Justice has referred the West Bank as the Occupied Palestinian territory. Then, in these recent years, the United Nations has been declared as the occupied palestinian territory since 1999. In today's scenario, West Bank is administrated by Israel through 42 percent of varying degrees of autonomous rule. The gaza strip is currently under the control of Hamas.