In India still parents are spoon feeding their children from food to their career path. In one way it is good as they have experience and knowledge. But they should not force their dreams on their children, as there are innumerable opportunities spread over
First let us see what options are there for students who studied Mathematics as their main subject in 12th std.
·BE/B.Tech - This is the old and tested career path. In India after 12th std, students have to write JEE - Joint Entrance Exam for all the engineering , Architect and agriculture colleges in the country. Apart from their regular studies if students take coaching for JEE, they can easily crack the entrance exam and get admitted in reputed colleges.
Link for JEE - https://jeemain.nic.in/webinfo/Public/Home.aspx
After the passing of entrance exams, the another hurdle they have to face is choosing the branch in Engineering. Now the students have entered on adult age, let them chose their subject according to their interests. All the branches are valuable only, provided the students acquire knowledge and get valuable marks in it.
·If they chose Civil or Mechanical, EEE they will get job in manufacturing and construction companies.
·Chemical engineering is a underrated branch. If they do chemical engineering from a reputed college/university, they will get selected even for government or private petro chemical industries &paint industries.
·If they are interested in Computer Science or Electronics, the world is full of job opportunities for them. They can be a good programmer, web designer, coder, or at least tester in IT industry.
·Even Bio Tech and Bio chemistry are emerging as a prominent job providing courses. Job opportunities are there for Pharma research oriented company like Biocon, Nicolas Piramal.
·B.Sc - Another carrier and study option is Bachelor of Science from any university. For this they don't need to write entrance exams, but in order to get admission in best colleges, their 12th mark should be more.
In B.Sc they have Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Bio-Tech, Bio-Chemistry, ( provided they took PCMB in 12th) and so on. After B.Sc you can write government PSE entrance exams and bank entrance exams to go for clerical and office oriented jobs.
·BCA - Bachelor of Computer Application is also a good course. There are job opportunities in IT industry after doing MCA.
If they want to start their career earlier, then they can grab the job from campus interviews and go for a job. On other hand, if they want steady and strong carrier path, they should go for Master's degree either in India or in abroad. Then no one can challenge them in their career. Their future will be secured.
In all the above courses, they can do research and get PhD, or they can choose teaching as a career.