Why did the Afghans not capture the Maratha Empire after the third battle of Panipat? - letsdiskuss
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abhishek rajput

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Why did the Afghans not capture the Maratha Empire after the third battle of Panipat?


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The Third Battle of Panipat occurred on 14 January 1761, at Panipat, Ahmad Shah Durrani with two Indian Muslim accessories—the Rohilla Afghans of the Doab, and Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Oudh.


Military Force 


  • Militarily, the battle pitted the French-gave huge weapons and officers of the Marathas against the profound cavalry and mounted artillery(zamburak and jezail) of the Afghans and Rohillas drove by Ahmad Shah Durrani and Najib-ud-Daulah. 
  • Ahmad Shah Durrani was usually called Ahmad Shah Abdali. 
  • The battle is seen as one of the greatest combat in the eighteenth century with the greatest number of fatalities in a single day reported in a commendable game plan battle between two military. 



  • The rot of the Mughal Empire following the 27-year Mughal-Maratha war (1680–1707) had provoked snappy provincial increments for the Maratha Empire. 
  • Under Peshwa Baji Rao, Gujarat and Malwa went under Maratha control. 
  • Finally, in 1737, Baji Rao squashed the Mughals on the edges of Delhi, and brought an enormous piece of the past Mughal areas south of Delhi under Maratha control. 
  • This conveyed the Marathas into head on a contention with the Durrani space of Ahmad Shah Abdali. 
  • In 1759, he raised a military from the Pashtun tribes and made a couple of increments against the more unassuming Maratha posts in Punjab. 
  •  the Rohilla Afghans of the Gangetic Doab - outlining a wide union against the Marathas. 

Part of Shuja-ud-Daulah 

  • Both the Marathas similarly as Afghans endeavored to get the Nawab of Awadh, Shuja-ud-Daulah, into their camp. 
  • By late July, Shuja-ud-Daulah made the decision to join the Afghan-Rohilla collusion, getting a kick out of the chance to join what was viewed as the 'huge number of Islam'. 
  • This was purposely a critical setback for the Marathas, since Shuja gave truly fundamental assets to the long Afghan stay in North India. 
  • It is dubious whether the Afghan-Rohilla union would have the best approach with their conflict with the Marathas without Shuja's assistance.

Eliminating the Supplies 


  • In August, 1760, the Maratha camp finally showed up at Delhi and took the city. 
  • There followed a movement of experiences along the banks of the stream Yamuna, and a battle at Kunjpura, which the Marathas won against an Afghan post of around 15,000. 
  • In any case, Abdali strongly crossed the stream Yamuna in October at Baghpat, eliminating the Maratha camp from their base in Delhi. 
  • This in the end changed into a two-month-long assault drove by Abdali against the Marathas in the town of Panipat. 
  • During the assault the different sides endeavored to eliminate various' arrangements at which the Afghans were widely really convincing; before the completion of November 1760 they had cut off basically all food supplies into the barricaded Maratha camp. 
  • The food in the Maratha camp ran out by late December or early January and steers passed on in huge numbers. 
  • Reports of officials kicking the basin of starvation began to be heard close to the start of January. 

The Battle 


  • With no arrangements and failing miserably officials, the Maratha managers asked their power, Sadashiv Rao Bhau, to be allowed to kick the container battling than bite the dust by starvation. 
  • In a wild undertaking to break the assault, the Marathas left their camp to stroll towards the Afghan camp. 
  • The battle continued for a couple of days and included in excess of 125,000 warriors. 
  • Expanded conflicts occurred, with hardships and gains on the different sides. 
  • The forces drove by Ahmad Shah Durrani came out fruitful ensuing to obliterating a couple of Maratha flanks. 
  • The level of the mishaps on the different sides is acknowledged that: 
  • between 60,000–70,000 were killed in doing combating 
  • the amounts of hurt and prisoners taken move broadly. around 40,000 Maratha prisoners were butchered without flickering the day after the battle. 


  • The result of the battle was the halting of extra Maratha moves in the north, and a destabilization of their spaces, for around 10 years.  
  • In 1771, 10 years after Panipat, Peshwa Madhavrao sent a huge Maratha equipped power into North India in a mission that was expected to: 
  • Reestablish the Maratha control in North India 
  • Repel obstinate powers that had either concurred with the Afghans, similar to the Rohillas, or had shaken off Maratha control after Panipat. 
  • The achievement of this mission can be seen as the continue to go experience of the drawn-out record of Panipat.






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